Wisconsin Wine AVAs: Lake Wisconsin
Yes, Wisconsin does wine...
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Lake Wisconsin AVA
covers 28 thousand acres (over 11 thousand hectares)
in south-central Wisconsin. The first vines were planted in the 1840s by the famous winemaker Agoston Haraszthy
who later moved to California. Lake Wisconsin and the Wisconsin River moderate the climate.
The glaciers made this soil rich in free-draining gravels and loam. And yet few local
producers use Lake Wisconsin grapes.
Southeast Wisconsin Winery
Upper Mississippi Valley
Upper Mississippi Valley AVA
is the largest wine producing region in the
world, occupying about 30 thousand square miles (approximately
77 thousand square kilometers) in the states of Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and
Wisconsin. It follows the Mississippi River for over 500 miles (about 800 kilometers)
and consequently is quite varied. Only a small percentage is cultivated in grapes,
almost all of which are French hybrids.
Escondido Valley AVA
situated in western Texas, covers some 32,000 acres (13,000 hectares).
This shallow river valley includes very few wineries; the soil is composed of silty loam and clays.
Its altitude varies between the valley floor (2600 feet or about 800 meters) and the 3000 foot (about 900 meter) high hills.
The valley's average temperature is several degrees higher than the hilltops. Rainfall is low.
Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country
Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country AVA
may well be the longest
AVA name. It comes from central Texas and covers about 70 thousand acres (about 28 thousand
hectares near the historic town of Fredericksburg, part of the very large Texas Hill Country
The area is a limestone-rich savanna whose soils are mostly well drained clay-based loams. The climate
is subtropical. The most popular grape varieties are
Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc, but Pinot Noir, Merlot, and Gewurztraminer are also grown.
Very little Fredericksburg wine leaves the state of Texas.
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