Texas Wine AVAs: Bell Mountain

Yes, Texas does wine...
      
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Bell Mountain
Bell Mountain AVA is a single winery AVA encompassing only 55 acres (22 hectares) on the southern and southwestern slopes of Bell Mountain. It is drier and cooler than its neighbors and boasts sandy loam soil over light, sandy-clay subsoil. Cabernet Sauvignon accounts for one third of the grapes; others found here include Semillon, Riesling, and Chardonnay.

Bell Mountain Texas Vineyards

Bell Mountain Texas Vineyards

Texas Davis Mountains
Texas Davis Mountains AVA occupies about 270 thousand acres (approximately 110 thousand hectares) in Jeff Davis County of western Texas but there less than 100 acres (40 hectares) of vineyards. The mountain soils are rich in granite, covered by loam and volcanic debris in addition to limestone. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel plus some Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay.


Escondido Valley
Escondido Valley AVA situated in western Texas, covers some 32,000 acres (13,000 hectares). This shallow river valley includes very few wineries; the soil is composed of silty loam and clays. Its altitude varies between the valley floor (2600 feet or about 800 meters) and the 3000 foot (about 900 meter) high hills. The valley's average temperature is several degrees higher than the hilltops. Rainfall is low.

Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country
Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country AVA may well be the longest AVA name. It comes from central Texas and covers about 70 thousand acres (about 28 thousand hectares near the historic town of Fredericksburg, part of the very large Texas Hill Country AVA. The area is a limestone-rich savanna whose soils are mostly well drained clay-based loams. The climate is subtropical. The most popular grape varieties are Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc, but Pinot Noir, Merlot, and Gewurztraminer are also grown. Very little Fredericksburg wine leaves the state of Texas.

Mesilla Valley
Mesilla Valley AVA encompasses about 280,000 acres (over 1103,000 hectares) in New Mexico, and western Texas. Despite the large land area this AVA presently grows less than 100 acres (40 hectares) of wine grapes. Despite the word valley this region's elevation is over 3500 feet (1100 meters) The Rio Grande River and the mountains provide for alluvial soil, clays and loams. The summer days are hot but the nights are close to freezing. Popular grapes include Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, and Chardonnay.

Texas High Plains
Texas High Plains AVA occupies about 8 million acres (approximately 3.2 million hectares) in northwestern Texas at an average elevation of 3500 feet (more than a kilometer) above sea level. The soils are well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is low and the difference between day and night temperature is fairly high. Popular red grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel plus some Tempranillo and Grenache. Whites such as Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay are also grown.

Texas Hill Country
Texas Hill Country AVA occupies about 9.6 million acres (approximately 3.8 million hectares) in central Texas at an elevation ranging from 425 to 2400 feet (130 to 750 meters) above sea level. The soils are based on granite and limestone. well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is low and the difference between day and night temperature is fairly high. Popular red grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel. Whites such as Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay are also grown. Very little of this wine is exported.

Texoma
Texoma AVA occupies about 230 thousand acres (approximately 95 thousand hectares) in the Texas panhandle at an elevation ranging from 425 to 1300 feet (130 to 400 meters) above sea level. The alluvial soils are based on silty loam and clay. granite and limestone. well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is high as is the difference between day and night temperature. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Chardonnay.

      
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