Oregon Wine AVAs: Alexandria Lakes

Yes, Oregon does wine...
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Alexandria Lakes AVA
Alexandria Lakes encompasses 10,880 acres (4400 hectares) in central Minnesota. At present this AVA has only a single winery, Carlos Creek. The area has unique geographical features due to extensive glaciation. Grape varieties include arieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Zinfandel, Chardonnay and Riesling.

Applegate Valley Oregon Vineyards

Applegate Valley Oregon Vineyards

Applegate Valley
The Applegate Valley AVA is a small part of the Rogue Valley AVA itself contained within the Southern Oregon AVA. The surrounding mountains moderate its climate. The alluvial soils are deep and drain rapidly and in the summer the days are warm and the nights are cool. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Riesling, Syrah, Tempranillo, and Zinfandel.

Chehalem Mountains
Chehalem Mountains AVA is located in northwestern Oregon, a part of the larger Willamette Valley AVA. It includes about 1600 acres (about 650 hectares) and is mostly planted in Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, and Riesling.

Columbia Gorge
Columbia Gorge AVA is found near the Columbia River in the states of Washington and Oregon. This AVA can produce high-quality wines. It contains a wide range of different terriors within a relatively small area, in part due to the nearby Mt Hood and Mt Adams. The elevations range from just above sea level to nearly 2000 feet (about 609 meters) and are usually higher on the Washington side of the Columbia river. The mountains cool the dry desert air and the river moistens it. The Oregon side is cooler and wetter and is suited for crisp white wines. The wide regional diversity means over 30 grape varieties are planted here including Syrah, Pinot Noir, Gewurztraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Zinfandel, Pinot Gris, Sangiovese and Riesling. The local motto is "A world of wine in 40 miles".

Columbia Valley
Columbia Valley AVA is located in the south-east of Washington State and the north-east of Oregon. It contains most of Washington's smaller AVAs. Given its latitude during the summer it has two daylight than California's wine regions, adding to the grapes flavors. In this region the days are hot and the nights are cool, helping the grapes ripen with good acidity. Irrigation is often required. Grapes include Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Merlot.

Dundee Hills
Dundee Hills AVA located within the larger Willamette Valley AVA approximately 28 miles (45 kilometers) southwest of Portland, occupying about 7 thousand acres (2,800 hectares) of which some 20% is vineyards. The soil is contains a lot of iron. The vineyards are protected by the Chehalem Mountains to the north. Total production is about 45 thousand cases a year, mostly from Chardonnay, Muller Thurgau, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, and Riesling grapes.

Eola-Amity Hills
Eola-Amity Hills AVA is located within the larger Willamette Valley AVA between Amity in the north to Salem in the south. This AVA benefits from the steady Ocean winds. It includes 1,300 acres (over 500 hectares) of grape vines. Here the winters are mild and the summers are relatively wet and cool. The soil is often volcanic. Major wine grapes include Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Pinot gris, and Pinot blanc. For more information check out the Eola-Amity Hills AVA web site.

Hood River County
Hood River County AVA is located within the larger Columbia Gorge AVA in the central-north Oregon, bordering the Columbia River and Washington state. This county is known for its fruits and berries production, but has been making wine for a long time. It is not plagued by excessive rainfall and its fertile alluvial soils and cool growing conditions are well suited to Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Gris, and Gewürztraminer grapes.

McMinnville AVA is located in the Coast Range Foothills of Yamhill County, entirely within the Willamette Valley AVA . It encompasses over 600 acres (240 hectares) of vineyards. The complex soil contains lava dating back to the creation of the Cascade Mountains and marine sedimentary loams and silts over a basalt base. Local rainfall is lower than its neighbors and the winds dry the grapes that remain longer on the vine. Popular grapes include Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, and Riesling.

Red Hill Douglas County
Red Hill Douglas County AVA occupies 5500 acres (about 2200 hectares) in the county of the same name in southern Oregon. It is part of the Umpqua Valley AVA , itself part of the Southern Oregon AVA . This AVA consists of a single vineyard, a rare but not unique occurrence. The well-drained volcanic soil is rich in iron and consists of silt, clay and loam. The altitude can attain 1300 feet (400 meters) above sea level, which increases the difference between day and night temperatures. Popular grape varieties include Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and Riesling.

Ribbon Ridge
Ribbon Ridge AVA occupies about 3300 acres (about 1300 hectares) in the the Chehalem Mountains AVA , itself part of the Willamette Valley AVA in northwestern Oregon. Its maximum altitude is less than 700 feet (about 200 meters) above sea level. The long growing season and high daily temperature variations make this a fine wine region. The well drained soils are sedimentary, silty clay loams. This is ideal Pinot Noir country. Other popular grapes include Chardonnay and Pinot Gris.

Rogue Valley
Rogue Valley AVA includes about 1100 acres (about 450 hectares) of vineyards even though the valley itself is about 70 miles long and 60 miles wide (about 110 by 100 kilometers). This AVA is included in the the Southern Oregon AVA . This AVA englobes mountain ranges, Rogue River. tributaries, and river valleys. The climate varies across the region and the growing season is fairly long. Popular grape varieties include Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Riesling, and Gewürztraminer in the cooler areas and Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah in the warmer areas.

Snake River Valley
Snake River Valley AVA englobes about 5 million acres (some 2 million hectares) mostly in southwestern Idaho but also in southeastern Oregon. It includes some of the highest vineyards in the United States, reaching altitudes of 2100 to 3400 feet (640 to over 1000 meters). The difference between day and night temperatures is quite large but these vineyards require irrigation and the growing season is short. The soils are often alluvial. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah.

Southern Oregon
Southern Oregon AVA occupies over 2 million acres (more than 8 thousand square miles). In general it is warmer and drier than other Oregon wine regions. The soil is quite varied across this large region. Popular grape varieties include Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Tempranillo, Chardonnay, Viognier, Pinot Gris, Riesling, and Pinot Noir .

Umpqua Valley
Umpqua Valley AVA is part of the Southern Oregon AVA . It has a very wide variation in geological features being near three mountain ranges including the Cascades and handles a wide variety of grapes. Look for the Syrah and Pinot Noir, which may compete with more expensive examples produced elsewhere in Oregon.

Walla Walla Valley
Walla Walla Valley AVA is part of the Columbia Valley AVA of southeastern Washington State and northwestern Oregon. This valley was formed by glaciers and contains rich, silty soils and massive boulders. It is framed by the Cascades and the Blue Mountains that moderate the climate and provide cool summer nights to go with the hot summer days. Popular grape varieties include Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Gewürztraminer, and Chardonnay.

Willamette Valley
Willamette Valley AVA occupies about 5200 square miles (approximately 13.5 thousand square kilometers) in western central Oregon. The climate is relatively mild with long, dry summers. While many grapes are grown here, the region is particularly known for Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris.

Yamhill-Carlton District
Yamhill-Carlton District AVA occupies 60 thousand acres (about 24 thousand hectares) in the Willamette Valley AVA of western central Oregon. It is protected from harsh weather by nearby hills and mountains. The soil is ancient marine sediment and well-draining sandstone. Popular grape varieties include Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Chardonnay.

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