Missouri Wine AVAs: Augusta
Yes, Missouri does wine...
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is a mere 15 square miles (39 square kilometesrs) in central-eastern Missouri about 30 miles (50km) west of downtown Saint Louis.
This was the first official AVA in the United States, granted status in 1980 some one hundred
years after the first vineyards were planted by German immigrants. Before prohibition
Augusta was one of the most prolific American wine-producing regions.
The soils are largely alluvial, mixing silty loams of great depth with highly fertile loess and outcrops of sandstone.
The river valley provides frost protection in the spring and autumn.
The main grape variety is Norton (also known as Cynthiana), the state grape of Missouri.
Other hybrids including Seyval Blanc and Vidal are grown here but
Vinifera varieties such as Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon are found in very small quantities.
Stone Hill Winery Missouri
Hermann, Missouri AVA
occupies about 50,000 acres (20,000 hectares)
in east central Missouri some 60 miles (40 kilometers) west of Saint Louis. It is contained in the Ozark Mountain AVA
in Missouri, Arkansa, and Oklahoma.
The Hermann, Missouri area reminds people of Germany, and German immigrants first settled here
in 1836. They planted wine grapes and by the end of the Nineteenth Century
boasted the second-largest winery in the US whose underground cellars grew mushrooms during
Prohibition. Located on the the southern banks of the Missouri river, the area's soil
mixes deep silty loams with highly fertile loess and sandstone outcropping.
Most vineyards are planted in hybrids, adapted to the continental winter.
Ozark Highlands AVA
occupies 1.2 million acres (almost 520 thousand hectares)
of southern Missouri, contained within the Ozark Mountain AVA
Italian immigrants started cultivating grapevines in the Nineteenth Century.
The rivers create alluvial floodplains and valleys whose soils are composed of loam over clay.
Popular grape varieties include Muscat and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Ozark Mountain AVA
occupies 3.5 million acres (almost 1.5 million hectares)
in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Missouri.
Given its huge size, it is difficult to generalize except to say that the
climate is continental, sometimes moderated by its hills and rivers, and the soils
include sandstone, loam, limestone, and clay.
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