Shawnee Hills Shawnee Hills AVA is measured in square miles or square kilometers but only
contains about 300 acres (1.2 square kilometers) in southern Illinois.
The soils are rich in limestone rich and free draining with a lot of sandstone that does a
fine job of absorbing the relatively heavy rainfall.
The vineyards are planted in a variety of French-American hybrids.
Upper Mississippi Valley Upper Mississippi Valley AVA is the largest wine producing region in the
world, occupying about 30 thousand square miles (approximately
77 thousand square kilometers) in the states of Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and
Wisconsin. It follows the Mississippi River for over 500 miles (about 800 kilometers)
and consequently is quite varied. Only a small percentage is cultivated in grapes,
almost all of which are French hybrids.