American Wine AVAs: Texas Davis Mountains to The Hamptons, New York

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Texas Davis Mountains
The Texas Davis Mountains AVA occupies about 270 thousand acres (approximately 110 thousand hectares) in Jeff Davis County of western Texas but there less than 100 acres (40 hectares) of vineyards. The mountain soils are rich in granite, covered by loam and volcanic debris in addition to limestone. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel plus some Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay.

Texas Davis Mountains Vineyards

Texas Davis Mountains Vineyards

Texas High Plains
The Texas High Plains AVA occupies about 8 million acres (approximately 3.2 million hectares) in northwestern Texas at an average elevation of 3500 feet (more than a kilometer) above sea level. The soils are well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is low and the difference between day and night temperature is fairly high. Popular red grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel plus some Tempranillo and Grenache. Whites such as Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay are also grown.

Texas Hill Country
The Texas Hill Country AVA occupies about 9.6 million acres (approximately 3.8 million hectares) in central Texas at an elevation ranging from 425 to 2400 feet (130 to 750 meters) above sea level. The soils are based on granite and limestone. well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is low and the difference between day and night temperature is fairly high. Popular red grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel. Whites such as Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay are also grown. Very little of this wine is exported.

Texoma
The Texoma AVA occupies about 230 thousand acres (approximately 95 thousand hectares) in the Texas panhandle at an elevation ranging from 425 to 1300 feet (130 to 400 meters) above sea level. The alluvial soils are based on silty loam and clay. granite and limestone. well-drained but must be irrigated. The risk of spring frost is high as is the difference between day and night temperature. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Chardonnay.

The Hamptons, Long Island
The Hamptons, Long Island AVA occupies about 135 thousand acres (approximately 55 thousand hectares) in eastern Long Island, New York. The sandy loam soil was deposited by glaciers. The Atlantic Ocean and a local bay extend the growing season. Popular grape varieties include Chardonnay, Riesling, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot.


      
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