American Wine AVAs: Ohio River Valley to Ozark Mountain
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Click to access American wine appellations by Name(AVAs):
California By State
Ohio River Valley
The Ohio River Valley AVA
is the second-largest AVA covering over 16 million acres
(well over 6 million hectares) along the Ohio River in the states of Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio.
To its south is a humid subtropical climate; to the north a humid continental climate providing
for an interesting mix. While most of the vineyards are planted in hybrids
Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Riesling also grow here.
Many critics say that the region is simply too large to be useful as an indication
of wine typicity.
Old Mission Peninsula Michigan Vineyards
Old Mission Peninsula
The Old Mission Peninsula AVA
englobes the entire narrow peninsula whose name it carries for a bit less than 20 thousand
acres (almost 8000 hectares). The glacial soil has granite or limestone bedrock,
covered with clay-rich subsoils and free-draining topsoils composed of gravel, sand,
and loam. Lake Michigan helps make the climate acceptable for viticulture, protecting the
few vineyards from winter cold, spring frost, and summer heat.
Popular grape varieties include Chardonnay, Pinot Noir,
Riesling, and Pinot Gris.
Outer Coastal Plain
The Outer Coastal Plain AVA
encompasses about 2.2 million acres (over 900 thousand
hectares) of southeastern New Jersey. Both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream
moderate temperatures here. The well-drained soils are sandy or loamy. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot,
Chardonnay, and Riesling.
The Ozark Highlands AVA
occupies 1.2 million acres (almost 520 thousand hectares)
of southern Missouri, contained within the Ozark Mountain AVA
Italian immigrants started cultivating grapevines in the Nineteenth Century.
The rivers create alluvial floodplains and valleys whose soils are composed of loam over clay.
Popular grape varieties include Muscat and Cabernet Sauvignon.
The Ozark Mountain AVA
occupies 3.5 million acres (almost 1.5 million hectares)
in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Missouri.
Given its huge size, it is difficult to generalize except to say that the
climate is continental, sometimes moderated by its hills and rivers, and the soils
include sandstone, loam, limestone, and clay.
Click to access American wine appellations (AVAs) by State:
New Hampshire New Jersey
New Mexico New York
North Carolina North Dakota
Rhode Island South Carolina
South Dakota Tennessee
Washington West Virginia
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