American Wine AVAs: Niagara County, New York to Northern Neck..., Virginia

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Niagara County
The Niagara County AVA occupies an entire county in northwestern New York State along the border with Canada. Lake Ontario has a major effect on the grapes lengthening the growing season. The Niagara Escarpment helps protect them from frost. The Niagara river flows over a cliff in the escarpment to form the Niagara Falls. The area is suitable for ice wine. This is home to the Niagara, a hybrid of Concord and Cassady grapes.

Niagara Escarpment New York Vineyards

Niagara Escarpment New York Vineyards

Niagara Escarpment
The Niagara Escarpment AVA has an American and a Canadian sector. The American on is located just east of Niagara Falls in New York State and occupies about 18 thousand acres (over 7 thousand hectares). It is named for the free-draining limestone ridge that runs for over 650 miles (more than 1000 kilometers) across the Great Lakes region. The local climate is maritime. The lake helps to warm the air and the limestone ridge retains heat. Undergound springs furnish the groundwater with minerals. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Riesling.

North Fork of Long Island
The North Fork of Long Island AVA occupies over a million acres (more than 400 thousand hectares) of eastern Suffolk County in Long Island, New York but only about 3 thousand acres (1200 hectares) are actually planted in vines. With all the surrounding waters the local climate is definitely maritime, extending the growing season. The soil is deep and sandy. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir, and Riesling.

Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace
The Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace AVA is probably the longest named AVA. It occupies almost 60,000 acres (over 24,o00 hectares) on the western shores of Chesapeake Bay in eastern Virginia. The local soils are sandy and loamy. Popular grape varieties include Cabernet Franc and Chardonnay.


      
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