American Wine AVAs: Lake Chelan, Washington to Loramie Creek, Ohio

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Lake Chelan
The Lake Chelan AVA is located in north-central Washington. It englobes about 24 thousand acres ( a bit less than 10 thousand hectares) within the Columbia Valley AVA and carries the name of a glacial lake. a long growing season and a reduced risk of frost. The deep, free-draining glacial soils are sandy and include pumice, quartz, and mica. The most red grapes are Syrah, Merlot and Malbec for reds; their white cousins include Chardonnay, Riesling, and Pinot Gris.

Lake Chelan Washington Vineyards

Lake Chelan Washington Vineyards

Lake Erie
The Lake Erie AVA occupies almost 225 thousand acres (about 90 thousand hectares) in part of New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Most of its vineyards are located near the lakeshore. The region includes 18 islands in the American part of the lake. Lake Erie moderates the climate and lenghtens the growing season. The region's glacial soil is high in sand and gravel and drains well. Grape varieties started with Franco-American hybrids but now international varieties such as Riesling, Gewurztraminer, and Pinot Gris among the whites and Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc among the reds are grown.

Lake Michigan Shore
The Lake Michigan Shore AVA is located in western Michigan on the eastern shores of Lake Michigan, which moderates the region's climate. This is one largest AVAs in the US and is responsible for half of Michigan's wine grape production. Widely planted grape varieties include Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. You can also find juice grapes such as Concord.

Lake Wisconsin
The Lake Wisconsin AVA covers 28 thousand acres (over 11 thousand hectares) in south-central Wisconsin. The first vines were planted in the 1840s by the famous winemaker Agoston Haraszthy who later moved to California. Lake Wisconsin and the Wisconsin River moderate the climate. The glaciers made this soil rich in free-draining gravels and loam. And yet few local producers use Lake Wisconsin grapes.

Lancaster Valley
The Lancaster Valley AVA covers 225,000 acres (over 90,000 hectares) in the southeastern Pennsylvania. However, only about 400 acres (160 hectares) are planted in wine grapes. This is not a river valley, but lowlands in the ridges of the northern Appalachian Mountains. The soil is largely free-draining shale and limestone and the climate is moderate. Popular grapes include Franco-American hybrids and international varieties including Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot.

Leelanau Peninsula
The Leelanau Peninsula AVA is located on the complex eastern coastline of Lake Michigan in western Michigan. The soil was affected by glaciers. The bedrock consists of granite and limestone, topped by clay-rich subsoils. The free-draining topsoil consists largely of gravel, sand, and loam. The lake moderates the local climatebut local vineyards must deal with frost. Popular grape varieties include Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.

The Linganore AVA consists of about 60 thousand acres (over 20 thousand hectares) in the Piedmont plateau region approximately 30 miles (50 kilometers) west of Baltimore. Maryland. The well-drained soils are mostly gravel and loam with a shale bedrock. This area is mostly flat, warmer and wetter than the neighboring Catoctin AVA . Popular grapes include Cabernet Sauvignon and several local varieties.

Long Island
The Long Island AVA is located just east of New York City, covering Nassau and Suffolk counties. There's a lot of water in the neighborhood; the Atlantic Ocean to the south, Long Island Sound to the north and Peconic Bay separating the island's two forks. The soil tends to be loamy. Popular grape varieties include Merlots and Chardonnay as well as Cabernet Sauvignon and Riesling.

Loramie Creek
The Loramie Creek AVA encompasses 3,600 acres (less than 1500 hectares) in southwestern Ohio and is still waiting for its first winery but the AVA's grapes are popular, due to its dark, loamy soils. The most popular grape variety is Baco Noir.

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