American Wine AVAs: Haw River Valley, North Carolina to Hudson River Region, New York
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California By State
Haw River Valley
The Haw River Valley AVA
, located in northern, central North Carolina,
is part of the larger Yadkin River Valley AVA
. Many of the vineyards
profit from deep, well-drained river soils. For more information check out the Haw River Valley AVA web site.
Horse Heaven Hills Washington Vineyards
The Hermann, Missouri AVA
occupies about 50,000 acres (20,000 hectares)
in east central Missouri some 60 miles (40 kilometers) west of Saint Louis. It is contained in the Ozark Mountain AVA
in Missouri, Arkansa, and Oklahoma.
The Hermann, Missouri area reminds people of Germany, and German immigrants first settled here
in 1836. They planted wine grapes and by the end of the Nineteenth Century
boasted the second-largest winery in the US whose underground cellars grew mushrooms during
Prohibition. Located on the the southern banks of the Missouri river, the area's soil
mixes deep silty loams with highly fertile loess and sandstone outcropping.
Most vineyards are planted in hybrids, adapted to the continental winter.
Hood River County
The Hood River County AVA
is located within the larger
Columbia Gorge AVA
in the central-north Oregon, bordering the Columbia River and Washington state.
This county is known for its fruits and berries production, but has been making wine for
a long time. It is not plagued by excessive rainfall and its fertile alluvial soils
and cool growing conditions are well suited to Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Gris, and Gewürztraminer grapes.
Horse Heaven Hills
The Horse Heaven Hills AVA
is located within the larger
Columbia Valley AVA
in Washington State. Its finest vineyards are found
on the banks of the Columbia River, whose powerful winds which cool the vines.
Local elevations vary between 300 and 1800 feet (about 90 to 550 meters). Low annual rainfall means irrigating the well-drained, sandy, loam soil.
Robert Parker's first non-California 100 rating honored a local Cabernet Sauvignon. Other grapes grown here include Syrah, Chardonnay, and Riesling.
Hudson River Region
The Hudson River Region AVA
goes from north of New York City to south of Albany, traversing three full and five partial counties.
Its temperature tends to be somewhat moderated by the Hudson River but the summers are hot and humid and
the winters are cold. The local soil includes glacial
shale, schist, slate, and limestone deposits. The region boasts
both the oldest continuously operating winery in the USA (the Brotherhood Winery, established in 1839), and America's oldest commercial vineyard, almost ten years older.
During Prohibition this region made sacramental and "medicinal" wines. Most of its
vineyards are planted along the western shores of the Hudson River.
Grapes include the local Concord, Delaware, and Niagara varieties, Franco-American hybrids
and the international Riesling, Chardonnay, and Cabernet Franc.
Click to access American wine appellations (AVAs) by State:
New Hampshire New Jersey
New Mexico New York
North Carolina North Dakota
Rhode Island South Carolina
South Dakota Tennessee
Washington West Virginia
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