American Wine AVAs: Catoctin, Maryland to Cumberland Valley, Maryland & Pennsylvania

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The Catoctin AVA is located in the highlands of western Maryland. It covers a total area of 170,000 acres (69,000 hectares) but contains only a single winery: Frederick Cellars in the historic city of Frederick. Presently no Catoctin wine is available.

Chehalem Mountains Oregon Vineyards

Chehalem Mountains Oregon Vineyards

Cayuga Lake
The Cayuga Lake AVA is part of the well-known Finger Lakes AVA in west-central New York State. Its soil is mostly shale and its growing season is about a month longer than many of its neighbors.

Central Delaware Valley
The Central Delaware Valley AVA covers 96,000 acres (39,000 hectares) of far-eastern Pennsylvania and western New Jersey. While most of its land is on the New Jersey side, most of its wine come from Pennsylvania. They are made from a variety of native grapes and hybrids and well-known international varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot.

Chehalem Mountains
The Chehalem Mountains AVA is located in northwestern Oregon, a part of the larger Willamette Valley AVA. It includes about 1600 acres (about 650 hectares) and is mostly planted in Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, and Riesling.

Columbia Gorge
The Columbia Gorge AVA is found near the Columbia River in the states of Washington and Oregon. This AVA can produce high-quality wines. It contains a wide range of different terriors within a relatively small area, in part due to the nearby Mt Hood and Mt Adams. The elevations range from just above sea level to nearly 2000 feet (about 609 meters) and are usually higher on the Washington side of the Columbia river. The mountains cool the dry desert air and the river moistens it. The Oregon side is cooler and wetter and is suited for crisp white wines. The wide regional diversity means over 30 grape varieties are planted here including Syrah, Pinot Noir, Gewurztraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Zinfandel, Pinot Gris, Sangiovese and Riesling. The local motto is "A world of wine in 40 miles".

Columbia Valley
The Columbia Valley AVA is located in southeastern Washington State and northeastern Oregon. It contains most of Washington's smaller AVAs. Given its latitude during the summer it has two daylight than California's wine regions, adding to the grapes flavors. In this region the days are hot and the nights are cool, helping the grapes ripen with good acidity. Irrigation is often required. Grapes include Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Merlot.

Cumberland Valley
The Cumberland Valley AVA is located in southern Pennsylvania and eastern Maryland. This valley runs approximately north to south for some 100 miles (160 kilometers) between the Susquehanna River in Harrisburg and the Potomac river in Washington DC. The area is part of a limestone basin and the accompanying well drained, mineral-rich soils. This large AVA occupies about 765,000 acres (310,000 hectares), but at present less than 200 acres (80 hectares) are devoted to grape vines and this appellation is rarely used.

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